Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan, the second highest in Asia and the seventh highest in the world. Mt. Fuji is known as a place to visit, but it is actually a volcano.
The mountain is located about 100 km (62 mi) southwest of Tokyo. A well-known Japanese saying suggests that a wise person will climb Mt. Fuji once in their lifetime, but only a fool would climb it twice.
Ancient samurai used the base of the mountain as a remote training area. There have been about 17 eruptions in the past.
Mt. Fuji last erupted between 1707-1708. Forty-nine days before the last eruption, the Hoei earthquake, one of the largest in Japan, struck.
The summit of Mount Fuji has a tundra climate. The epicenter was reported below the epicenter, however; no tsunami alert was issued during the late Edo period.
According to a 1957 records by the Japan Meteorological Agency, temperatures reached 50 degrees Celsius. Although the volcano erupted in the 1960s, there were reports of geothermal activity near the summit and the crater.
The temperature is very low at the high altitude, and the cone is covered by snow for several months of the year. The lowest recorded temperature is -38.0°C and the highest temperature is 17.8°C.
*In 31-06-781, the eruption was recorded that “ash fell”.But there are no other details.
*From 11-04-800 to 15-05-800, recorded that the skies were dark even during the daytime and gravel fell like hail.
*In June–September 864, December 865 – January 866 records, recorded that this eruption created three of the Fuji Five Lakes (Motosu, Shōji, and Saiko) from a single lake that became separated by lava flow.
*In March 999, recorded that the news of an eruption was brought to Kyoto, but no other details are known.
*In January 1033, recorded that the news of this eruption was brought to Kyoto two months later.
*In 17-04-1083, there were records that was written by a Buddhist monk and it indicates that the sound of the eruption may have been heard in Kyoto.
*Between 30-01-1435 and 18-01-1436, there was a record kept by the monks and it states that a flame was visible on Mount Fuji. As there is no mention of smoke, this appears to have been a Hawaiian eruption (lava only).
*In August 1511, the records indicate that there was a fire on Mount Fuji at this time, but as there is no vegetation at the described location, this was almost certainly a lava flow.
*In 16-12-1707(the last eruption), the Hōei eruption.
Current Eruptive Danger
As mentioned above, the recent volcanic activity on Mt. Fuji is proof that it is an active volcano.
Mount Fuji has been dormant for more than 310 years since the last eruption.
A previous earthquake in 2011 triggered a series of earthquakes in eastern Japan, with Japanese experts predicting that Mount Fuji would erupt in the coming years.
In September 2012, suggested that the pressure in Mount Fuji’s magma chamber could be 1.6 megapascals. This is higher than it was before its last eruption in 1707.
There is no known method of directly measuring the pressure of a volcano’s magma chamber. Therefore, scientists used indirect calculations. Other indicators suggested the eruptive danger, such as active fumaroles, discovered faults, and typical occurrences at this type of volcano.
Japanese companies are already making hundreds of millions of dollars worth of preparations for the aftermath of the eruption, which is expected to erupt.
The forest at the northwest base of the mountain is named Aokigahara. Aokigahara is the world’s third most popular suicide location after San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge and the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge.
Since the 1950s, more than 500 people have died in the forest, mostly suicides. Approximately 30 suicides have been counted yearly.
If you say a volcano erupts, you will see lava erupting from the crater. However, Mt. Fuji did not erupt from the summit. It looks like a sack that encloses with a drawstring.
In the past, it exploded from the side, but there is question that this time it will explode from the side, or it will explode from the top of the mountain.
Japanese researchers have discovered a total of 44 volcanoes on Mt. Fuji. The crater can reach more than 44 places.
The eruption of Mount Fuji is estimated to cost 2,500,000,000,000 yen. After the last eruption (Hōei eruption), lava and volcanic ash destroyed many farms near Mt. Fuji. Volcanic lava flows into nearby rivers, turning them into mud, which has been flowing for about 70 years. Some homes near Mt. Fuji have also disappeared.
Mt. Fuji is like a beautiful young woman, like rose. It’s beautiful, but it’s very dangerous.
People living near Mt. Fuji must always be aware of the dangers of Mt. Fuji. There is no need to be overly anxious if you follow the warnings given by the authorities.
For mountaineers, Mt. Fuji is a beautiful place.
Readers, do you want to climb Mt. Fuji?
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